Many believe that high school is a bubble filled with sleepless nights, midterms, finals, and the stress of getting into college. The amount of stress that we endure during our four years of high school can have a negative toll on us.
For example, chronic stress can disrupt the immune system or increase the chance of having a heart attack or stroke. But does stress affect different sexes differently?
In fact, studies have found that stress impact discriminates based on sex in such a way that part of the brain becomes larger in boys while smaller in girls, and that men try to withdraw under their stress while women search for social support.
In an experiment published in Depression and Anxiety that consisted of 59 children from the ages of nine to seventeen, half of the children were exposed to stress while the other half of the children were not exposed.
The group that was exposed to stress demonstrated a change in the size and volume of a part of the brain called the insula when compared to the second group.
What is the insula? The function of the insula is to process emotions and to detect different signals that are found in our bodies. When the insula changes in size, it can lead to the development of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). PTSD is a mental disorder caused by a traumatic event. Some symptoms include reliving the traumatic events, irritability, insomnia, and fear.
Why does it matter if girls’ and boys’ insulae change differently if the same outcome is produced? It is crucial to know the difference because treatment can vary. Also, symptoms may appear in boys but might not show up in girls, and vice versa.
The difference between sex is marked by a BBC news article that mentions how for girls who suffer from trauma the insula becomes smaller, and for boys who suffer from trauma the insula becomes larger than usual.
Furthermore, Dr. Klabunde told BBC news, “There are some studies suggesting that high levels of stress could contribute to early puberty in girls.”
In addition, Stephanie Pappas, a Live Science Contributor, found research in a journal known as NeuroReport that stated that men under stress show lower activity in brain areas responsible for processing other people’s emotions and facial expressions. But on the other hand, women that have experienced stress show more activity in those brain regions as demonstrated by brain scans.
Besides this, the way that men and women react to stress is different. For example, psychologist have noticed that men under stress usually try to withdraw while women search for social support.